Film editing is the art of storytelling and is unique to cinema. An editor is responsible for the cohesiveness of the story, the mood each sequence creates, the pacing of the story, and is one of the most important people in the final movie-making process. The editor oversees the final product to make sure the viewer is seeing the director’s vision.
In the early days of movie making, an editor using analog film would manually edit it, physically cut each frame and hot splice them together to make a whole. Edwin S. Porter, a pro filmmaker at the beginning of the early 1900s, is thought to be one of the first in the industry to utilize and develop the art of editing. He was one of the first to use action editing, the piecing together of different shots and scenes, to make the movie more visually engaging. Today, with the advances in technology, film, and with the addition of digital and HD cameras, filmmaking has come 180 degrees since the days of Edwin Porter.
In the 21st century, movie editing has advanced far beyond the cutting room floor and the physical splicing of film. Now it can be digitally edited by professionals and amateurs alike using advanced software programs. The art and music hubs of NYC and LA are being expanded to many areas of that nation through the ease of high tech resources that are available to even the most amateur of filmmakers. Now the art of editing, once a profession limited to a few, is available to anyone with the ambition and drive to become the storyteller of cinema.