Medical Specialty Training in the UK


The Foundation Achievement of Competence Document (FACD) is awarded after a successful completion of the Foundation Programme to a doctor in the UK. After this programme, junior doctors can apply to Specialty or General Practice Training of their choice.

Usually, these specialty trainings are 3-8 years long. The length and structure of these trainings depends on the chosen specialty. Generally, GP trainings lasts to 3 years and other specialties lasts to 5-8 years. Also, the completion of trainings is conditional on the rate of achievement of competencies, time outs from the programs like Out of Programme Research (OOPR) or less credit hours.

Types of training programs

There are basically two types of specialty career entry programs based on the specialty.

  • Run-through training

The Run-through programs for specialties training are applied once at the beginning and are recruited for the full duration of the specialty training.

  • Uncoupled training

Uncoupled programs consists of core training and then a competitive entry to higher level specialty training. The length of core program depends on the chosen specialty. Some core training programs are two years long like Core Surgical Training and some are three years like Emergency Medicine.

Some of the specialties receive huge numbers of applications, which are defined, by the numbers of applications received to the posts available. The specialties receiving more applications than the posts available have the high level of competition in its selection.

How do you apply to specialty training?

You can apply to specialty training through the Oriel website. It is a UK-wide postgraduate medical, dental and public health education-training application portal. Applicants can register for training, view vacancies, apply, book interviews and assessment centres, and manage offers at the Oriel. All applicants must submit their application for specialty programs from the new online recruitment system.

You can also find key dates, applicant handbooks and where to apply at NHS Specialty Recruitment and GP National Recruitment Office (GPNRO) in the portal.

The applications are evaluated on the specialty’s person specifications and basic formats such as grammar and how you answer. You will be invited for an interview, if you are shortlisted.

Broad Based Training (BBT)

Broad Based Training is a training route available for 2012-2015 specialty-training years, which is now ceased by the HEE Executives. Doctors will not be able to apply to the BBT posts in the coming years.

The BBT is 2-year long program divided in 4 placements. These placements are 6 months long courses. These courses include Core Medical Training (CMT), General Practice, Psychiatry and Paediatrics. Doctors can apply to the CT2 and ST2 in their interested specialty after the BBT programs completion.


Source by Mathew Mickle

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.